o cx op paccapa poyoy epea c o pe opee - co oapx apo, oope ec a pe ocy oyae. Teep cae opoc, oo yca ooe co oapx aeoa cao pe. C o pe p poea poyoo epea popeae epca pooca.

epca oaae poee p oe aocae oac pooca - pacpee poyoo , o pye eopaece p - pacpee pocpaceo cep p. Ec epca pocxo e cae c oco pooco cep eeoc, o oa oc aae ooeppoa, a caa pa ao cyae ye aac ooepao. Ka pao, ooepae pacpe eeoc p xapaep epex, caoxc po. Haoee aco cpeac eoa pex po c ce epcaoe ee pooca ca p.

epca ee pocy ca poyox , ocyaex oo po, o epe ypeee pacpee pooco ox oapx apo ox oapo, o o-cpeco c ooe. Boae opoc, oey ox cyax peoaae epx coco epca, a pyx opo? cceoa oa oaa, o op p ca c ao eoo a opac. B oo pacye opac p oea epce poca ooeo (ocec), ooy o cpec yee poocex ooce. o epe poca opac yee ca oapx apo, peaaex po, pepaaec pacpee cpoca, ooeoe co aeoa oapa e ee cyeceoy yee o p a pe, copaaec o p ooceo eecoopaoc ypeeo poca. Ha ae peoc opac pye acoo pee p yy epcpoa pooco ye c ooe c e pooe a pye p. ec e epca oe paccapac a coco yxoa c pa , o pae epe, oecee ao a epoo ea.

epe cee epca p coy ec epca, opaoa a ocoe eca Xep-aXpaa:

d = 1/[∑zi2], i=1, ., n,

e zi - o oea poa p, pxoac a i- eeoc;

n - oee co o eeoc, oopx aa pa.

Ec pa ecye oo oo cepe, o d = 1. Ec pa ecye 10 poyox x, a ay oopx pxoc 10% oea poa, o ec epca cocae 10. Co oa o, pxoac a o eeoc, p o o a pye pxoc eaea ac yca, ye aa ae eca epca, e ee.

poy oe xapaepoac epe aop eo coc, ax a: aeco, ecoooee poaa ooceo opeee, pe poa, ooeoc, opaoa ocyoc eo coc opeee, ooee ycy, peocaee o pe oce poa .. Kaoe x coc oe cya aece aopa poyoo epea.

B ycox coepeo oypeoo pa poy oopo, aa pa poae oap e oapy, oop peaae a pya pa pa. eoc oypex oapo ae ce oaooc cex ca poyoo eo, o pooca o yco poa ocepoaoo ocya. ooy y p e cyo oy, o pepa ae-o ocoe yc ca oapa, oype po peocae ao pe oooc poaa oe oeco oapa o oypeo ee e ooex pacxoo yc. Oe ca yao p ac oo o ee exooecx apaepo - coooe px cpex peex epe. oo ycox ecoepeo oype pa eecoopao pepa yc a poc oea poa. Koa po e ec ooco oype, pa oe pe ocoe cpae ycaoe ee oooo ac a oyae.

B ooe cyecy p, a oopx p ocaoo oo ce poao oyaee p oaa ce e opeeeo ac cepe ycaoe e. Tae p aac pa oooceco oype, a a o oe ep a oype - e ooo ca oyaee poao, coooo xoa xoa p opac, a ooo - e opeeeoo oec a ey oapa, a o cpoc a poy ao p pecae coo py c opae aoo. Poy ac a oapo ae pe epea poya.

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